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Electrical safety - Scottish Government Guidance on Electrical Installations & Appliances.
This guidance takes effect from 1 December 2015.
Private landlords in Scotland are required by law to ensure that a rented house meets the repairing standard at the start of a tenancy and throughout a tenancy.
One part of the repairing standard is that
· The installations in the house for the supply of electricity,
· Electrical fixtures and fittings, and
· Any appliances provided by the landlord under the tenancy are in a reasonable state of repair and in proper working order.
Landlords are required to
· Ensure that regular electrical safety inspections are carried out by a competent person, and
· Have regard to this guidance issued by Scottish Ministers on electrical safety standards and competent persons.
Portable Appliance Testing (PAT)
A PAT test requires a label for each appliance tested. The Institute of Engineering and technology (IET) have forms for providing a record of appliances that have been tested
Appliances include –
· Electrical white goods (such as refrigerators and washing machines)
· Electrical brown goods (such as televisions and DVD players)
· Electric fires that are not fixed in place
· Kitchen appliances, such as toasters and kettles
· Hand held electrical equipment, such as hairdryers
· Any other appliances provided by the landlord that are not permanently connected to the electrical installation.
Any appliance which fails to pass a Portable Appliance Test must be replaced or repaired immediately to comply with the repairing standard. The duty to carry out electrical safety inspections does not apply to appliances that belong to tenants, only to appliances provided by the landlord.
Frequency of Inspection
An electrical safety inspection must be carried out
· Before a tenancy starts, and
· During the tenancy, at intervals of no more than 5 years from the date of the previous inspection.
The electrical safety inspection does not have to be completed immediately before a new tenancy begins or every time a new tenancy starts, as long as an inspection has been carried out in the period of 5 years before the tenancy starts. The electrical safety inspection must be recorded in an EICR and a PAT report.
When the Duty Applies and Transitional Rules
Any tenant under a new tenancy commencing on or after 1 December 2015 must be provided with a copy of an EICR before the tenancy commences.
Any tenant under an existing tenancy at 30 November 2015 must be provided with a copy of an EICR by 1 December 2016 unless their tenancy ends before that date.
An EICR completed on or after 1 January 2012 completed by a competent person is acceptable, whether or not it in includes a description and location for appliances inspected. However, to be acceptable all EICRs completed on or after 1 December 2015 must have a PAT record attached to it that shows their description and location and a certificate for any remedial work that has been done.